Causes and Complications of Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that develops during pregnancy. When you are diagnosed with this illness, your cells will have a hard time processing sugar, just like in other forms of diabetes. As a result, it is easy for your blood sugar to spike and eventually affect your pregnancy.

When you are pregnant, any complication is a terrible thing. It could affect the health of your baby. The good thing is that you can control the effect of diabetes with healthy eating and exercise. You also need to be monitor your blood sugar all the time to prevent having a difficult birth and ensure your baby’s health.

Seeing your doctor

The worst part about gestational diabetes is that there are no noticeable signs. The good thing is that you regularly visit your doctor for prenatal checkup anyway.

As such, it is easy to determine if there are irregularities during your pregnancy. It is crucial for the doctor to constantly monitor your blood sugar level and secure your baby’s health.

If you have been confirmed to have gestational diabetes, your physician will add other health professionals in the team to provide better medical care.


It is still unclear what causes gestational diabetes. The possible reason is that during pregnancy, the placenta produces high levels of hormones.

As a result, they impair the action of insulin in your calls that lead to the increase in blood sugar levels. Gestational diabetes is common during the second half of your pregnancy.

Risk factors

Women getting pregnant at the age of 25 and above are of higher risk to develop gestational diabetes. Having a history of gestational diabetes or other forms of diabetes for that matter, could also increase the risks.

When you have excess weight at the time of pregnancy, your risks become higher. You need to ensure that you do not have a BMI which is higher than 30.

Complications affecting the baby  

When you have been diagnosed with this illness, it is possible that the health of your baby will be affected. Your baby could be born with excessive birth weight due the presence of extra glucose on the bloodstream.

The presence of high blood sugar levels could also increase the risk of early labor. If not, the doctor would recommend early delivery given the size of the baby.

Your baby could also be born with a respiratory distress syndrome which makes breathing difficult. The worst part is that the baby might also develop type 2 diabetes later in life.

Complications affecting the mother

When you have gestational diabetes, you are also at risk of high blood pressure. It is a serious complication that you need to monitor as it could threaten you and your baby’s lives.

You could also have type 2 diabetes as you get older. It can be prevented though by having a healthy lifestyle, but the risks remain.

Prenatal care is crucial in solving this problem. You cannot take anything for granted since your life and your baby’s life are on the line.